Real Estate in Quebec: The Rental Market in 2023

In recent years, the real estate market in Quebec (as well as the rental market) has changed a lot and it has not been easy! In 2022, there was first a surge in prices for houses and real estate in general, then a sharp rise in interest rates. We arrive in 2023 in a context of economic uncertainties giving rise to new challenges, both for investors and for property managers.

In this article, we will take a closer look at the state of the real estate market in Quebec as well as the challenges that await property managers in the rental market of 2023.

A Slowing Real Estate Market in 2023

From 2010 to 2019 we were in a balanced market and then moved into a seller’s market since around 2021. Although it’s difficult to make predictions in a volatile market, experts believe we are slowly heading towards a balance in 2023.

After the overheating of spring 2022, the real estate and rental market in Quebec continue to experience a slowdown in 2023. Several factors contribute to the continuation of this slowdown such as:

  • The increase in mortgage rates;
  • A drop in the purchasing power of Quebecers caused by inflation;
  • The instability of the market which makes investors cautious;
  • Delays in the construction of new residential projects.

These various factors represent a challenge, both for real estate investors and for rental managers who must adapt to this new reality.

Rental Market Profitability, a Major Challenge in 2023

Profitability is a major challenge faced by owners of rental and commercial properties, as well as investors looking to increase their housing stock.

Several factors are involved:

Bank of Canada Policy Rate

In a few months, in 2022, the Bank of Canada’s key rate jumped from 0.25% to 3.75% to reach 4.50% in January 2023. A higher mortgage rate directly affects the profitability of rental properties.


Inflation measured by the overall CPI in Canada is valued at 6.3%, according to the Bank of Canada (source Banque du Canada). This results in higher material costs, higher labor costs and lower purchasing power. This means that maintaining a rental property is more expensive than before, again reducing the profitability of the latter.

As the construction price index is on the rise, we are therefore witnessing a drop in real estate investments (source Statistique Canada).

Housing Crisis

Quebec is facing a housing crisis with a vacancy rate below 1% in several regions such as the island of Montreal. As purchasing power declines, affordable rental housing is scarce. This can give rise to several issues affecting profitability, such as overdue payment (or non-payment) of rent by tenants. Given the scarcity of affordable housing, it can be difficult for building owners to increase rental prices enough to cover rising rates and building maintenance costs.

Perspectives for Commercial Real Estate

The commercial real estate market has also changed in recent years. With the pandemic came telework, which remains a strong practice in the labor market. More offices are vacant, and during renewals, several companies give up their commercial space.

It is estimated that one in four offices will be vacant by 2025.

Top 3 Challenges for Property Managers in 2023

Property managers face several challenges in 2023. These are the result of rapidly changing industry and market conditions. Here are the 3 main obstacles that these professionals could encounter.

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